National 4 Concepts

Style Melody/Harmony Rhythm/Tempo Texture/Structure/Form Timbre
African music Arpeggio A tempo ABA Alto
Baroque Broken chord Accelerando Cadenza Backing vocals
Concerto Change of key Anacrusis Canon Bass
Mouth music Chord progression chord I IV V Andante Imitation Bass drum
Opera Drone Compound time Middle eight Bass guitar
Ragtime Major tonality Dotted rhythm Ternary Brass band
Rapping Minor tonality Jig Theme and variation Clarinet
Reggae Octave Rallentando Verse and chorus Cello
Romantic Ornament Scotch snap   Cymbals
Scots ballad Pedal Simple time   Distortion
Swing Pentatonic Strathspey   Double bass
  Scale Syncopation   Flute
  Scat singing     Glockenspiel
  Vamp     G├╝iro
        Harp
        Harpsichord
        Muted
        Pan pipes
        Recorder
        Saxophone
        Soprano
        Snare drum
        Tambourine
        Tenor
        Timpani
        Triangle
        Trombone
        Trumpet
        Violin
        Wind band
        Xylophone